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Current State of JA Cooperatives in Ehime Prefecture

  (1) Weakening of Production Bases
   @While a drop in income of farm households is worsening farm management,with
    additional growth in the aging population bringing about an increase in the number of
    farmers abandoning their trade and an increase in the number of abandoned cultivated
    Iands,the production bases are weakening as a result.

   AThe 2010 Agriculture and Forestry Census indicated that the total area of abandoned
    cultivated land throughout Japan,including that held by non-farming households,increased
    to 396,000ha,and was a major factor in the drop in the production capacity.
    In Ehime Prefecture the area of abandoned cultivated land in fiscal 2010 reached 10,416ha,
    and with an abandoned cultivated land ratio of 21.95%(area of abandoned cultivated land/
    area of cultivated land),Ehime ranked the fifth worst performing prefecture.
    In addition to feeding damage to crops caused by wildlife,in recent years the problem of
    wildlife dantage to fields and stone walls and other forms of damage has worsened,and in
    fisca1 2010 crop damage reached ¥435.89million,or 138%(increase of ¥120 million)
    compared to the previous fiscal year,while the area of damage reached 419ha,or 107%
    of the previous fiscal year(increase of 27ha).

   BThere were 43,085 core farmers(commercial farmers) in Ehime in 2010,of whom more
    than 65% were 65 or older.The number of core farmers is on the decline,and 1since2000,
    the number has dropped by 8,600(16.7% decrease).This fall is particulatly steep among
    female farm workers aged 30-59,whose number has fallen as much as 52% over the same
    period.

  (2)Fall in Agricultural Output and Farming Production Income
    Since peaking in 1984 at ¥210.8 billion,agricultural output in Ehime has continued on a steady
    decline,and in 2010 it had dropped to¥126.2 billion, whitch was about the level of the 1early
    1970s.
    The fall in farm income has led to adeterioration in farm management,andthis,coupled with
    the drop in agricultural output due to the aging of farmers and an increase of abandoned
    cultivated land,is seriously weakening the production base.
    By prefecture,farming production income in 2010 was highest in Hokkaido at ¥361.2billion,
    followed by Ibaraki Prefectureat¥171.6 billion,Chiba Prefecture at ¥125.8 billion,Niigata
    Prefecture at ¥109.7 billion,and Kumamoto Prefecture at¥108.0 Obillion.Ehime Prefecture
    was ranked 23rd with ¥44.6bilion.

  (3)Changes in Farm Household Economy
    Overall,farm income is on a downward trend.While the amount of agricultural production
    continues to decline,the cost of materials is not falling,so farm income remains low.Ehime
    farming production income in 2010 was ¥446.6bilIion,and the income ratio continued on
    an overall downward trend to35.3%,representing a fall of about 20% comppared to the
    income radio in 1994.1While the income ratio recovered slightly in 2010 to recorda 4% increas
    over the previous yaer, it is thouhght that the increase can be attributed to the implementation
    of the individual rice farming household income protection model program.

  (4)Trends in Number of Farm Households
    The total number of farm households in Ehime in 2010 was about 50,000, a drop of about 42%
    over 25 years from the roughly 86,000 farm households in 1985. The fall in the number of
    commercial farm households was especially high at 50% (compared to 1985), or a drop of more
    than a thousand farm households each year.

  (5)Trends in Prefectural Population
    From a peak of 1,541,000 in 1956, the population of Ehime Prefecture has continued on a
    downward trend, and in 2010 it was 1,431,000, a drop of about 36,000 from 2005.
    By municipality, the rate of decline was particularly prominent in Kumakogen-cho, while in actual
    numbers, the decline was greatest in Uwajima City and Imabari City.

   ■ The National Worst Five in Abandoned Area of Cultivated Land  (Unit:ha,%)
Name of Prefecture Cultivated land under management  Abandoned cultivated land area Abandoned cultivated land ratio Rank 
Nagasaki 33,499 11,742  25.95
Yamanashi 17,817 5,785 24.51 2
Hiroshima 37,367 11,325 23.26 3
Gunma 49,080 13,901 22.07 4
Ehime 37,042 10,416 21.95 5
National Total  3,353,619 395,981 10.56 -
    *Cultivated land under management is the total area under cultivation at commercial farms and
     noncommercial farms
    *Abandoned cultivated land area is the total area of abandoned cultivated land at commercial farms
     and noncommercial farms, and on land held by non-farming households.
    *Abandoned cultivated land ratio =
             abandoned cultivated land / (cultivated land area + abandoned cultivated land)

   ■ Number and Percentage of Those Engaged in Key Agricultural Businesses by Age
     〜Commercial Farm Households〜                      (Unit:person)
Fiscal year Ages 15-29 Ages 30-59  Ages 60-64 Ages 65 and above Total Percentage of those aged 60 and above Percentage of those aged 65 and above 
2005 468 11,508 5,975 28,419 46,370 74% 61%
2010 389 8,692 5,988 28,016 43,085 79% 65%
    *Those engaged in key agricultural businesses are those members of households primarily engaged
     in farming who are primarily engaged in the profession.
                                     (Source:Agriculture and Forestry Census)
 Ehime Prefectural Union of Agricultural Cooperatives
  2-3, Minamihoribatacho, Matsuyama-City, Ehime 790-8555, Japan
   Tel:+81 - 89 - 948 - 5606    Fax:+81 - 89 - 946 - 0650
Copyright(c) 2013 Ehime Prefectural Union of Agricultural Cooperatives All rigths reserved.